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Adding view count to your Nextjs Blog

––– views2 mins

07 Nov 2021

Alright lads, this will be a quick one. I want to add the views count functionality on my personal portfolio website's blog section.

ready.gif

Expected behavior:

  • Blogs Page : List of blogs -> Show count.
  • Blog Page : Particular Article -> Show count and Increment count.

How to achieve:

  • Use supabase to store count by slug
  • Stored procedure to increment count

Tools that I'll need:

  • supabase : open source firebase alternative
  • swr : data fetching

Setting up supabase table :

Create a table views with schema like such:

  • slug -> text -> primary key
  • created_at -> timestamp -> now()
  • count -> int2

Updating count:

  • Fetch count
  • Increment one
  • Fetch count again

Now we can reduce this to one db call using stored procedures: stored-procedure.png

create function increment (slug_text text)
returns void as
$$
update views
set count = count + 1
where slug = slug_text;
$$
language sql volatile;

In NextJs:

We'll define a route for ease: - /api/view/{slug} and then we'll use the POST request to register a view and GET to increment the view count. Our handler code will look like this: views.ts

import { createClient, PostgrestError } from "@supabase/supabase-js";
const supabase = createClient(
process.env.SUPABASE_URL,
process.env.SUPABASE_KEY
);
interface SupabaseResult {
	data?: { count: number };
	error?: PostgrestError;
}
///
const getViews = async (slug: string): Promise<number> => {
const { data: views, error }: SupabaseResult = await supabase
.from("views")
.select(`count`)
.match({ slug: slug })
.single();
if (error && error.details.includes(`0 rows`)) {
	const { data, error }: SupabaseResult = await supabase
	.from(`views`)
	.insert({ slug: slug, count: 1 }, { returning: `representation` })
	.single();
	return data.count;
	}
	if (!views) {
	return 0;
	}
	return views.count;
	};
///
	const registerView = async (slug: string): Promise<void> => {
	const { data, error } = await supabase.rpc("increment", {
	slug_text: slug,
	});
};
export { getViews, registerView };
  • /api/view/[slug].ts
// /api/view/[slug].ts
// Next.js API route support: https://nextjs.org/docs/api-routes/introduction
import { getViews, registerView } from "lib/views";
import type { NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse } from "next";
interface Data {
	message?: string;
	status?: number;
	count?: number;
}

///
export default async function handler(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<Data>
): Promise<void> {
const slug = req.query.slug.toString();
///
if (!slug) {
	return res.status(400).json({ message: `invalid slug` });
}
if (req.method == `POST`) {
	await registerView(slug);
}
const count = await getViews(slug);
return res.status(200).json({ count: count });
}

ViewCounter Component

  • view_counter.tsx
import fetcher from "lib/fetcher";
import { Views } from "lib/types";
import { useEffect } from "react";
import useSWR from "swr";

interface Props {
   slug: string;
}

const ViewCounter = ({ slug }: Props) => {
const { data } = useSWR<Views>(`/api/views/${slug}`, fetcher);
useEffect(() => {
   const registerView = () =>
   fetch(`/api/views/${slug}`, {
   	method: "POST",
   });
   registerView();
}, [slug]);

return (
   <span>{`${
   (data?.count ?? 0) > 0 ? data.count.toLocaleString() :"–––"
   } views`}</span>
   );
};

export default ViewCounter;

Our views in action: view_counter.png view_count.png

The code of this project lives at : https://github.com/100lvlmaster/100lvlmaster.in
You can find me at: https://100lvlmaster.in
Made with Next.js & ❤️
© 2021 Navin Kodag. All rights reserved.